在Debian Squeeze下安装配置SAMBA

Samba可以使我们在Linux和Windows计算机间分享文件。在目前的版本(v3),不仅可存取及分享SMB的资料夹及印表机,本身还可以整合到Windows Server的网域、扮演为网域控制站(Domain Controller)以及加入Active Directory成员。简而言之,可用该应用在Windows与UNIX系列OS之间搭起一座桥梁,让两者的资源可互通有无。

下面,参考Unixmen相关文章,为大家介绍下如何在Debian Squeeze下安装配置SAMBA。

#1

假定服务器IP为:192.168.58.142

#2安装Samba

打开终端,输入命令,安装Samba及相关依赖:

sudo apt-get install libcupsys2 samba samba-common

你会遇到下面的问题:

Workgroup/Domain Name:

这里我们填写一个工作组的名字即可。

编辑smb.conf文件,使用命令:

vi /etc/samba/smb.conf

下面激活行“security = user”,让Linux操作系统可以

[…]
# “security = user” is always a good idea. This will require a Unix account
# in this server for every user accessing the server. See
# /usr/share/doc/samba-doc/htmldocs/Samba3-HOWTO/ServerType.html
# in the samba-doc package for details.
security = user
[…]

 

保存文件,退出,重启Samba

/etc/init.d/samba restart

#3 添加Samba分享

创建文件分享目录,向用户组开放:

mkdir -p /home/samba-share/allusers
chown -R root:users /home/samba-share/allusers/
chmod -R ug+rwx,o+rx-w /home/samba-share/allusers/

在文件 /etc/samba/smb.conf添加下面行,
首先,使用命令,打开:

vi /etc/samba/smb.conf

接下来,添加下面内容:

[allusers]
comment = All Users
path = /home/samba-share/allusers
valid users = @users
force group = users
create mask = 0660
directory mask = 0771
writable = yes

如果你希望所有的用户可以通过Samba服务器来读、写他们的主目录,可以在文件/etc/samba/smb.conf 添加下面的内容:

[…]
[homes]
comment = Home Directories
browseable = no
valid users = @users
writable = yes
create mask = 0700
directory mask = 0700

然后保存重启Samba服务器:

/etc/init.d/samba restart

不要忘记设置配置文件为只读:{这个地方有点不懂,原文讲的是“Dont forget to set read only to noin the config file”}

# By default, the home directories are exported read-only. Change the
# next parameter to ‘no’ if you want to be able to write to them.
read only = no

#4 添加、管理用户

比如,添加用户Bentutu,命令如下:

useradd Bentutu -m -G users

为Bentutu设置密码:

root@oss:~# passwd Bentutu

Enter new UNIX password:
Retype new UNIX password:

现在把Bentutu添加到Samba用户数据库:

root@oss:~# smbpasswd -a Bentutu
Output
New SMB password:
Retype new SMB password:
Added user Bentutu.
root@oss6:~#

现在,就可以从文件管理器登录了,别忘了地址{地址是\\192.168.58.142或者\\192.168.58.142\Bentutu},其中Bentutu为你设置的用户名。

原创文章,采用CC协议,转载请注明: 转载自笨兔兔

 

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